A quarter in the historical part of Krakow, on the territory of which the Jewish community lived from the 16th century until the occupation of Poland in World War II. In the period 1335 - 1818. Kazimierz was an independent city, since 1800 it became part of Krakow. The Jewish quarter is one of the main tourist centers. Many historical monuments located on its territory are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.